Hanafi Method of Janazah Salah Sept 13, 2015 16:49:58 GMT via mobile
Post by StudentOfTheDeen on Sept 13, 2015 16:49:58 GMT
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Method of Performing Janazah Salah
Method of Performing Janazah Salah
According to The Hanafi Legal School
By Maulana Abu Asim Badrul Islam
This is specifically intended for those who are going, or who have already gone, for Hajj, but may also be useful to others who do not know.
During your time in Makkah Mukarramah and Madinah Munawwarah there will be janazah (funeral) prayers after almost every salah in Al-Masjid al-Haram and Al-Masjid al-Nabawi. It is important that you know the method of this special salah, which has been prescribed in the Shari'ah as a special method of du'a for the deceased, oneself and all the Muslims. Doing anything more than this is considered bid'ah (condemned innovation).
1. ‘Make’ the intention (niyyah) by saying (in any language): “I intend to pray for the sake of Allah Most High and to supplicate (du'a) for the deceased.” Also, make the intention of following the imam.
2. Say the first takbir after the imam and read the thana' (“SubhanakAllahumma wa bi hamdika ...”).
3. Say the second takbir after the imam and read salat 'ala 'l-Nabiyy (durud sharif - i.e. “Allahumma salli 'ala ..." and "Allahumma barik 'ala ...”).
4. Say the third takbir after the imam and supplicate (du'a). It is best to say the words of du'a that have been transmitted from the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) in hadith. The following du'a may be said in praying the janazah of a deceased adult:
اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِحَيِّنَا وَمَيِّتِنَا وَشَاهِدِنَا وَغَائِبِنَا وَصَغِيرِنَا وَكَبِيرِنَا وَذَكَرِنَا وَأُنْثَانَا ، اللَّهُمَّ مَنْ أَحْيَيْتَهُ مِنَّا فَأَحْيِهِ عَلَى الْإِسْلَامِ ، وَمَنْ تَوَفَّيْتَهُ مِنَّا فَتَوَفَّهُ عَلَى الْإِيمَانِ
The following du'a should be said when praying the janazah of a deceased child:
اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْهُ لَنَا فَرَطًا وَاجْعَلْهُ لَنَا أَجْرًا وَذُخْرًا وَاجْعَلْهُ لَنَا شَافِعًا وَمُشَفَّعًا
If you cannot memorise the above words of du'a, you may say any other general du'a (e.g. “Rabbana, Atina fi 'l-dunya ...”), but should later try to learn the above words of du'a. The pronouns etc. ought to be changed in the Arabic, depending on whether the deceased is a male, female, one, two or more than two. I have left it simple in view of ease for those who do not know Arabic and may get confused easily.
5. Say the fourth takbir after the imam, and then say the salam after the imam. Nothing should be said after this fourth takbir. Remain silent and wait for the imam to say the salam before you say it. As none of the imams will be adherents to the hanafi madhhab, they will say just one salam to the right. You may add a second salam to the left. This is the completion of janazah salah. This is the du'a prescribed by Allah Most High and His Messenger (peace be upon him).
Note: Unlike the two ‘Id prayers, there is no raising of hands except at the beginning, when saying the opening takbir (takbirat al-tahrimah). Do not copy those around you, who may be raising their hands at every takbir.
There are other words of du’a transmitted from the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) that have been reported in the books of hadith. These may also be said during janazah salah. Multiple du’as may be said during a single janazah salah; there is no particular restriction.
[Maulana] Abu Asim Badrul Islam
13 September 2015