A misapplication of Aqrab al-Ayyām during persistent twilight
Overview: During persistent twilight, some institutions in the UK set the beginning of Fajr to approximately 1.20am. This is a misunderstanding of Fajr and misapplication of Aqrab al-Ayyām. Fajr during this period does actually manifest. It occurs at solar midnight (approximately 1am). We set forward a number of arguments — from the statements of jurists, astronomy, natural order, logic, historical practice, and verses of the Qurān — that show Fajr occurs at solar midnight and why the modern use of Aqrab al-Ayyām for Fajr is both irrational and misapplied.